Posts for tag: Bunions
A bunion (also known as hallux valgus), is a deformity of the joint at the base of the big toe that causes the bone to protrude, forming a bump on the inside of the foot. Bunions are often painful and cause the big toe to slant away from the joint bone in the direction of the other toes. Bunions result from excessive pressure on the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint, which causes pain and inflammation. In addition to protruding from the side of the foot, the skin over a bunion may also become red and develop a callous or corn. The podiatrists at The Foot and Ankle Center in St. Louis, MO, advise patients to schedule an appointment when pain or sensitivity persists for more than two weeks, and does not respond to self-care and conservative methods like rest or over the counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatories.
Bunion Prevention and Treatment in St. Louis, MO
Bunions typically start out small, but get progressively worse over time, making it difficult to walk or even wear shoes in many cases as the protrusion grows larger and the joint becomes more inflamed. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), bunions are more common in women, although they can affect anyone. The most common causes are wearing tight, poorly fitting shoes that squeeze the toes, heredity or inflammatory disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, which leads to joint pain and deterioration.
Podiatrists typically prescribe conservative treatments like ice and ibuprofen to relieve swelling and inflammation as the initial method of treatment. Switching to comfortable and supportive footwear to relieve pressure on the joint, and shoe inserts like padding to prevent friction between the bunion and shoe or custom orthotic supports are also common. If conservative treatments fail and the pain and inflammation from a larger bunion make it difficult to walk and put pressure on the toe, a podiatrist may recommend surgery to shave the protruding portion of the bone and help to properly realign the toe.
Find a Podiatrist in St. Louis, MO
A little foot pain from time to time is normal. But persistent pain or swelling can be a sign of an injury or orthopedic condition. For more information on bunion treatment and recovery, contact The Foot and Ankle Center by calling (314) 487-9300 to schedule an appointment with a podiatrist in St. Louis today.
A bunion is an abnormal, bony prominence that develops on the joint at the base of your big toe. As the big toe joint becomes enlarged, it forces the toe to crowd against your other toes, and the pressure exerted on your big toe joint results in inflammation and pain. Early treatment is necessary to decrease the risk of developing joint deformities.
Bunions develop due to prolonged abnormal pressure or motion on your big toe joint, most often caused by inherited structural defects, poor-fitting shoes, foot injuries, or congenital deformities. Women are generally more prone to bunions because of the shoe types typically worn, such as high-heels and narrow-toed shoes.
Bunion pain can range from mild to severe, often making it difficult to wear shoes and perform normal activities. You should contact our office if you notice the following symptoms:
- An enlarged, visible bulge on your big toe joint
- Restricted movement of your big toe or foot that prevents you from performing normal activities
- Irritation, corns or calluses caused by the overlap of the first and second toes
- Frequent pain, swelling or redness around your big toe joint
Treatment For a Bunion
Treatment for a bunion will vary depending on its severity. Identifying the condition in its early stages is important to avoid surgery, with the main objective of early treatment being to relieve pressure and stop the progression of the deformity. Many times conservative treatments, such as padding, modified footwear or orthotic devices can be highly effective for preventing further growth and reducing the pressure and pain.
We recommend the following for reducing pressure and pain caused by bunions:
- Wear comfortable shoes that don't cramp or irritate your toes and avoid high-heeled shoes
- Apply ice to reduce inflammation and pain
- Our podiatrists can show you how to apply padding to your foot to place it in its normal position and reduce stress on the bunion
When early treatments fail or the persistent pain associated with your bunion is interfering with your daily activities, a surgical procedure may be recommended as a last resort to realign the toe joint and alleviate the pressure. We can advise you on the best treatment options available to relieve pressure on the bunion and slow the progression of the joint deformity.